Tips to avoid injuries caused by winter sports

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1. Overview


To avoid serious injuries caused by winter sports (skiing, snowboarding, skating) you must follow some simple measures that could prevent accidents.

Most injuries treated in hospital or doctors’ offices due to winter sports are snowboarders and skiers’ injures. When a person practices winter sports is important to know how the weather will be and to know the ground on which the sport will be practices. In addition to these primary tips, the person should take breaks when he experience fatigue or pain.

Before skiing, sledding or skating every individual must ensure that it is properly equipped, must be in good physical shape, to meet specific sport rules and seek emergency medical assistance if necessary.


Contents

1. Overview
2. Prevention of accidents caused by winter sports


2. Prevention of accidents caused by winter sports

- Check weather forecast – Avoid sports where it’s snowing very abundant, when ice is formed or other inclement weather.

- Wear several layers of clothing – Wear several layers of loose clothing that are resistant to wind and water.

- Examine the equipment – Ensure that all protection equipment pieces have the optimal status before venturing outside. Skiers and snowboarders should have boots and bindings verified and adjusted by specialists.

- Do not go alone – Skiers and snowboarders should ski with partners. They should always have to inform the partner about route to be followed. In case of emergency will use the phone.

- Pay attention to signs on the route – routes with trees should be avoided both by those who are skiing and those who practice snowboarding. Athletes should not venture into areas where they can trigger avalanches and wear full protective equipment.

- Safely sledding – Avoid sledding in the streets with moving cars or other obstacles. Everyone who practice sledding has to be in a frontal position and to handle the sled using his hands and feet.

- Moderation – Those who love winter sports have to practice them with moderation, gradually, as when the temperature is low, muscles, tendons and ligaments can be injured easily.

- Hydration – Drink plenty of fluids during and after outdoor activities, especially at high altitudes. Avoid alcohol because it may increase the risk of hypothermia.

- Physical condition – To cope with winter sports, any person must have a good physical condition.

- Follow the rules – By knowing the rules of each sport, but also respect the leads to a lower risk o accident. Equipment will be used properly and will be learned the techniques that are designed to reduce the possibility of injury.

- Frostbite – Early symptoms of frostbite include numbness and tingling in the fingers, but also the inability to move well. When this occurs, seek immediate medical assistance.

- The need for breaks – Many skiers are hurt when they are tired because they do not give enough attention to rest breaks.

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