Heart diseases are common causes of both morbidity and mortality. In fact millions of Americans die from a form of heart disease every 34 seconds and at least six million cases of hospitalization are due to cardiovascular diseases. That is how heart diseases spread like plague in this society—even more so because of the things that modern living has been offering us today. We have all the means to work seated in front of our desks, each household has access to at least one car, fast paced living most often leads to eating preserved foods high in salt and cholesterol and the likes… these are predispositions to developing a heart disease.
Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary Heart Disease is a leading cause of heart attack. This condition is related to the buildup of plaques in the vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle. When fat and scars build up in the lumen of these blood vessels, the passage of blood starts to narrow and lesser amount of blood is supplied to the heart tissues. Subsequently, this leads to pain felt in the chest more commonly known as angina.
Congestive Heart Failure
Congestive Heart Failure or CHF happens when the heart muscles become unable to pump blood throughout the body systems. CHF can result from other forms of damages to the heart like heart attack, congenital defects and the like. As a result, vital body organs do not get adequate amount of blood supply. CHF can either be left sided or right sided—with each type giving rise to unique signs and symptoms.
Myocardial Infarction/ Heart Attack
This is probably the most common heart attack with a high chance for mortality. Heart attack may stem from coronary heart disease as the heart muscles fail to receive adequate amount of blood to keep the tissues healthy. When this occurs, the cardiac muscles start to die and lose functions… as unlike other cells in our body, cardiac cells do not regenerate. Once the damage has been done, the area where the infarction happened stays non-functional.
The factors that are most commonly associated to these diseases are those related to our lifestyle—that includes diet, exercise, and vices. For this reason, it is important to put in mind that a healthy, low fat and low cholesterol diet should be observed. Moreover, keeping an active and non-sedentary lifestyle is a must.
Also, stress relief is an important aspect that one must look into. Many people who suffer from high blood pressure and heart attack are those with Type A personality. Keeping ones cool and learning how to manage your stresses and problems in the family, work, etc is vital to keeping one’s cardiovascular health at its optimal level.
Once you start to feel or notice any unusual symptom like chest pain, unexplained weight gain, difficulty of breathing and similar signs and symptoms, it is always best to consult your physician. Many heart diseases are considered silent killers; which means you won’t notice it until the moment it becomes full-blown and hard to revert.