High Blood Pressure, often referred to as the “silent killer” is a life threatening condition, especially with poor management. It is called the “silent killer” for the reason that in most of its cases, it presents with few if not no sign or symptom at all. The only time a person will realize he or she is hypertensive is when she presents herself to the clinic and have her blood pressure taken.
There are also times when high blood pressure will present with distinct signs and symptoms. As such, when a person suffers from symptomatic high blood pressure, he or she may experience the following signs and symptoms:
- Throbbing and crushing headache, most especially at the rear part of the head due to vasodilation and the pressure of the blood vessels in the brain area.
- Nausea and vomiting
- Increased urination
- Cold and clammy extremities
What Is High Blood Pressure?
Medically, hypertension or high blood pressure is the abnormal increase of the pressure exerted y the heart in pushing the blood inside the blood vessels throughout the entire body system. The normal blood pressure is considered to be 120/80 mmHg. The top number, which is called systolic is the pressure in the arteries as the heart contracts and pumps blood, while the bottom number represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart is relaxed and undergoing filling of blood.
Hypertension needs to be promptly and effectively treated and here are the most common forms of treatment for high blood pressure.
Medication Treatment for High Blood Pressure
The use of medications is very essential in the treatment of high blood pressure. While many physicians treat hypertension using medications in a trial and error approach, here is the order of medication treatment that is usually given:
Diuretics or Water Pills. This treatment for high blood pressure promotes the excretion of excess fluid in the blood vessels, leading to decrease of pressure inside the vessels. Diuretics come in various forms but the most commonly prescribed diuretics are considered potassium wasting—thus the level of potassium in our blood may decline. Potassium supplements and eating potassium rich foods is important.
ACE Inhibitors. ACE or Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors work by preventing the production of ACE. ACE is responsible for the increase in blood pressure once the body has detected a sudden dip in the blood volume.
ARB or Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers. ARBs are effective drugs in such a way that when the ACE Inhibitors fail to take effect, these drugs block the receptor sites for the ACE to take effect. Therefore, it can serve as a failsafe drug in case a person does not respond to ACE Inhibitors.
These are just few of the drugs that are commonly used for the treatment of High Blood Pressure. Many physicians employ multi-drug therapy and combination of these drugs to attain the best possible effect.