Types of Ovarian Cysts Surgery

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Once diagnosed with ovarian cysts, do not think that it is an outright indication that you will require a surgical operation. In fact, not all people with ovarian cysts are being operated on, let alone feel its signs and symptoms. This fact, however, should not lead you to becoming complacent about having ovarian cysts, for anytime, depending on many different factors, these cysts can just act up and burst. When an ovarian cyst bursts, then that’s about the time you will need surgical intervention to prevent damage.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts Rupture

It is important to be aware of these common signs and symptoms of ovarian cyst rupture in order to identify whether a rupture has indeed happened, and in order not to delay the appropriate medical interventions.

Pelvic pain is a common symptom of a rupture. This pain is aggravated most especially during or after having sexual intercourse, or after performing a heavy task. This certain pain may also radiate up to the lower back region. Vaginal spotting and pain may also take place indicating that something inside your pelvic cavity is bleeding. Irregularity of menstrual cycle may also happen, although it is not an ideal thing to observe in the presence of a rupture since it would take several cycles before you notice irregularity. Also, a feeling of bloating and fullness can happen.

Once you experience any of these signs and symptoms, have yourself checked. If your physician orders for an imaging test like Doppler, Ultrasound, X-Ray or CT-Scan, do it immediately as there is not enough time to waste.

Ovarian Cysts Surgery

Surgical procedures dealing with ovarian cysts include the following:

Exploratory Laparotomy. This is ideal when the rupture has reached a wide extent to the point that it has affected neighboring pelvic organs as well as the peritoneal cavity. In laparotomy, an incision is made on the abdomen and the insides are exposed. The cysts are removed as well as all other debris which may have been expelled. Exploratory Laparatomy will take several weeks to become fully recovered.

Laparoscopic Surgery. This involves puncturing several areas (three or four) in the abdomen and inserting laparoscopes and instruments which will facilitate in the removal of the cysts. Since there is not much incision or opening made, this is expected to have a shorter recovery period. However, this can only be idea in patients ovarian cysts which are not yet ruptured or have already been ruptured but effects or spread is still manageable.

Cystectomy or the removal of a single or a group of cysts can also be performed for non-malignant and unruptured cysts. Partial oophorectomy involves the removal of a part of an ovary full of cysts. Salpingo-Oophorectomy involves the removal of the fallopian tube as well as the ovary, if in case the cysts have spread into adjacent areas. If the condition is severe or the cysts have been identified as malignant, a TAH-BSO or Total Abdominal Hysterectomy with Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy or the removal of the pelvic organs may be performed to prevent further damage and spread.

 

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