Types of skin diseases

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1. Overview


Skin diseases include a wide range of conditions affecting the skin. These complications can be caused by other medical conditions, fungal infections, bacterial infections, allergic reactions or even insect bites.

Skin is exposed and vulnerable to a range of environmental hazards. Genetic predispositions to certain diseases contribute to the development of some skin diseases. Even the appearance of a skin condition can lead to the onset of another.

Skin diseases can be of several types, and the most common include inflammatory disorders, viral infections, bacterial infections and fungal cancer. Skin diseases belonging to the same category have similar symptoms are caused by similar sources, so they will be treated in the same way.

Severity of skin disease may be very different from minor skin diseases to diseases that can endanger the life of a person. Types of skin diseases will help determine the probable cause and the adoption of the most suitable treatment.


Contents

1. Overview
2. Inflammatory disorders
3. Viral diseases of the skin
4. Bacterial skin diseases
5. Cutaneous bacterial diseases
6. Treatment
7. Fungal infections


2. Inflammatory disorders

Inflammatory skin disease refers most often to rash. Eczema, dermatitis, psoriasis, cutaneous rashes and diaper rashes fall into this category. Even acne is an inflammatory disease of the skin.

Most of these conditions manifest for a long period of time causing redness, swelling, blisters (with or without liquid), lesions and scabs on the skin. Your skin will be inflamed and may be warm to touch. In addition, many inflammatory skin diseases are associated with pruritus.

Manifestations become serious and sometimes even painful if treatment is not initiated. Following certain inflammatory skin conditions may result scars. Symptoms must be treated to keep the disease under control and to avoid disease transmission.

In case of skin diseases caused by inflammatory disorders, use drugs that will relieve itching, inflammation and dry skin. Patients are recommended to apply a topical ointment to the affected areas, most often being recommended cortisone ointments.

Also, it may be prescribed topical corticosteroids and drugs for severe and recurrent rash like psoriasis. Another way of treatment is therapy with light, commonly used to control and relieve the symptoms of extended rashes.


3. Viral diseases of the skin

Viral skin disease are caused by a certain kind of virus. Many of these are short-term conditions and are accompanied by unpleasant symptoms.

Chickenpox and measles are the most easily recognized. Both diseases are accompanied by fever, rash and flu-like manifestations. Chickenpox is characterized by itchy blisters that cover the entire body.

Herpes simplex type 1 and 2 are other viral diseases of the skin. Both are spread by physical contact. Herpes simplex type 1 vesicles occur in the lips, while herpes simplex type 2 lesions appear in the genitals.


4. Bacterial skin diseases

Most bacterial skin diseases are caused by staphylococci. These bacteria cause most bacterial skin conditions. Staphylococci are normally found on human skin but only 40% of people are carriers of staphylococci that cause disease.

Bacterial skin diseases occur when bacteria enter through a crack in the skin. Infection is usually the result of other underlying conditions, which makes the infected person to be more sensitive or vulnerable to infection. Diabetes or atopic dermatitis are most often responsible for the occurrence of this type of infection.


5. Cutaneous bacterial diseases

Many serious skin diseases are classified as cutaneous bacterial diseases. Impetigo, cellulitis, folliculitis, scabies and necrotizing fasciitis include a wide range of symptoms, from minor to those that could endanger a person’s life.

The skin may have cutaneous rashes, pimples, boils and lesions. Disease occurs both on the skin but also internally; necrotizing fasciitis is the most serious bacterial infection.

The bacteria that cause this infection release toxins that cause blood clots in blood vessels. The condition results from surgery or significant injury, but bacteria can also enter the body through a small wound.


6. Treatment

Most of the staphylococcal infections are treated with antibiotics, but some of staph become resistant to antibiotics. This phenomenon causes concern among the medical community, and reluctance to prescribe antibiotics.

Doctors emphasize the importance of preventive measures. In an effort to reduce the risk of developing antibiotic resistance often is treated the cause that led to staph infection. When necessary, the infected area is drained or surgically removed.

Sometimes, depending on the severity or type of bacterial infection, hospitalization is required. Symptoms include pain, specific manifestations of influenza, intense thirst, low blood pressure and high temperature.


7. Fungal infections

Fungal infections are caused by microscopic fungi. Fungi survive on dead skin cells. Most times, these organisms are harmless, but they can become a problem when they reproduce rapidly.

Fungal infections include ringworm and athlete’s foot. Candida is one of the most common fungi that cause fungal infections, the most affected being the genitals. Symptoms of fungal infections are quite similar and involve itching, burning and redness.

Fungal infection is treated with medications and topical antifungal ointments and creams or powders that help eliminate fungus that caused the infection. Some infections are treated with prescription medication to be administered orally or prescribed oral antiseptic.

It will take sensible precautions to minimize or eliminate the risk of reinfection:
- Affected area should be cleaned regularly
- Towels, linens, bedding and clothing should be washed regularly
- Wear loose clothing made of cotton to prevent the growth of fungus.

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