Visceral leishmaniasis cases increase in Sudan

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Visceral leishmaniasis, or known as kala- azar is the most severe form of leishmaniasis. This disease is caused by the bite of a sand fly called as Leishmaniasis. After malaria, this is the world’s second most dangerous disease.

The sand fly enters in internal organs such as liver and spleen. As malaria also visceral leishmaniasis can end fatally. Symptoms of this disease include fever, weight loss, anemia and enlargement of spleen or liver.

According to Dr. Abdi  Aden head of the WHO’s office for Southern Sudan, the cases in Sudan are increasing rapidly, and they have to do something before the situation goes out of control. But as usually this project needs funding too, and only for the next 6 months an addition amount of 700.000 dollars is needed for more supplies, kits etc.

This disease needs immediate treatment, including here an injection needed for 1 month every day. But this may be difficult for many people to arrive to medical centers due to insecurity, distance or flooding.

Dr Mounir Christo Lado of the Sudanese ministry of health said: “Insecurity, flooding and the lack of health facilities across a vast geographical area are all playing a part in limiting access to treatment for this deadly disease.”

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