What Are The Common Osteosarcoma Symptoms?

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Osteosarcoma is the medical term for bone cancer—from the root words “osteo” which refers to the bones and the suffix sarcoma which refers to cancer a connective-tissue type of cancer. A common type of cancer, it occurs mostly in among children and teens. However, it may also happen to adults and elderly people. The reason why it is a common cancer among children and teens is because at these ages, bone growth is at its most rapid phase. Bone growth may turn out to be excessive to the extent that it may indicate malignancy.

Causes of Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma, if undiagnosed at an early stage may metastasize or spread to the body systems, especially to the lungs. The causes of osteosarcoma vary widely but these are considered to be the most common:

-         Genetic Mutation: It is understood that osteosarcoma may result from an abnormal growth of bone cells but the exact cause why such happens is unknown. Many scientists point out to a genetic mutation of the osteoblasts.

-         Exposure to Chemotherapeutic Substances: This means that people who suffer from cancer and those who have undergone chemotherapy are also at risk for developing osteosarcoma.

-         Exposure to Chemicals and Radiation: People who are commonly exposed to chemicals and radiation are at most risk for developing osteosarcoma, as well as other forms of malignancy not just limited to connective tissues.

Symptoms of Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma is a type of cancer that targets specific bones in the body which includes the tibia, upper arm as well as the thigh or hip bones. Depending on the location of the cancerous growth, osteosarcoma symptoms may indeed vary:

Bone and Joint Pains. Like any other form of cancer, pain is the most severe form of symptoms of osteosarcoma that they may suffer from. This pain may result from the overgrowth of tissues and compression of the nerves surrounding the bones and joints.

Inflammation and Swelling of the Affected and Adjacent Areas. Obviously, one will notice an abnormal and rapid enlargement of the affected area. These symptoms of osteosarcoma are due to the hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the osteons or bone cells.

Bone Fracture. Although it is true that there is hypertrophy of the bone cells, it does not warrant an increase in the strength of bones as many of these cells are immature and abnormal. In fact, these are more at risk for fractures.

Unexplained Weight Loss. Weight loss may occur due to the cancer cells devouring the nutrients that our healthy cells are supposed to take.

Anemia. Anemia may also happen because of the increased and concentrated circulation into the affected area as well as the deprivation of the body from nutrients due to these cancer cells.

Treatment for Osteosarcoma

Treatments for osteosarcoma do depend on the stage of cancer that strikes the patient. Most commonly chemotherapy is employed, however, in severe cases, in order to prevent metastasis, it is a necessity to perform amputation or disarticulation. It is very important to have yourself checked once you realize an abnormality with your joints or a swollen area which never heals; who knows it might indicate a cancerous growth.



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