When Should Anti-Hypertensives Be Taken

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Every person is at risk for developing various diseases that can affect the different systems of the body. The most common body system that is usually affected is the cardiovascular system, and hypertension is the number one in the list in terms of its very eminent cases reported across the globe. Good thing, various medications are now available in the market for the treatment of the said alteration in the body – these are known as anti-hypertensive medications.

According to a new research conducted by Spanish researchers which was published in the

Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, taking of anti-hypertensive medications during night time as to taking it during daytime can improved the control of blood pressure and reduce the risk of hypertension.

Hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which it affects the systemic arterial blood pressure making it elevated. For that matter it is also known as high blood pressure. Having an elevated blood pressure is a problem that needs to be addressed, because it can cause further disabilities to the person when the condition gets severe. Some medical professionals advise their patients to modify their lifestyle and their diet in order to correct the elevated blood pressure, and accompanying this modification is the taking of anti-hypertensive medications which can help lower down blood pressure.

Although, the treatment of high blood pressure which includes administration of pharmacological treatment can improve and enhance the condition of the patient by making him still perform activities of daily living, still its management is not enough in order to prevent and alleviate the said condition according to the World Health Organization.

The new study involves the examination and analysis of about 661 patients who has the condition of chronic renal disease and has elevated blood pressure. The group was randomly divided into two. The first group was assigned to take their anti-hypertensive meds first thing in the morning, while the other group takes the drug during night time. Then, after a specific span of time, the researchers do their follow up by measuring the blood pressure of the patients who belong to both groups. They found out that those patients who took at least one anti-hypertensive drug during night time had significantly two thirds lower risk of having the condition than those who took the meds during daytime.

“Our results indicate that cardiovascular event rates in patients with hypertension can be reduced by more than 50% with a zero-cost strategy of administering blood pressure-lowering medications at bedtime rather than in the morning.” Dr Ramón Hermida and colleagues, all of the University of Vigo concluded.

Apart from drug intake, the National Institutes of Health has also suggested the following activities to prevent and manage hypertension:

-          Eat a heart-healthy diet, including potassium and fiber, and drink plenty of water.

-          Exercise regularly — at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise a day.

-          Limit how much alcohol you drink — one drink a day for women, two a day for men.

-          Limit the amount of sodium (salt) you eat — aim for less than 1,500 mg per day.



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